The total surface area of China is 9,580,000 sq.km which makes it the second largest country in the world. China is roughly 300 times larger than the Netherlands and can best be compared - regarding surface area – to Western Europe.
China’s landscape is immeasurably diverse: the vast lowland plains of the north easterly part; the hilly and watery south eastern part; the loess plateau of Central China; the highlands of Tibet and Qinghai; the desert and steppe areas of Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia and finally the rugged karst landscape of the south with its classical views.
Topographically China is trapped between Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Tadzhikistan, Mongolia and Korea in the north, and Pakistan, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam in the south. The total length of the border is over 20,000 kilometres.