Mexico is one of the most attractive destinations in Latin America. The area has a great diversity of landscapes and has a rich culture. Mexico City is the capital of Mexico. It is a high altitude city and about 20 million people - a real metropolis where your eyes and ears have a lot to do! Towns like Oaxaca and San Cristobal de las Casas are a legacy from the days of Spanish rule. Baroque churches, rustic squares, green parks, ancient monasteries and colonial homes dominate the view. The area through which we travel is predominantly poor. The Toltecs, Zapotecs and Mayans have left behind numerous archaeological cultural treasures in the mountains and jungles of Mexico. During this tour you will see the most beautiful temples and pyramids of their ancient culture. Magnificent is the contrasting population: Latinos in their elegant colonial towns, colourful Indians such as the small Yucateekse Maya. The lowland jungle, mangrove forests and scenic beaches in Mexico are a feast for the eyes. This tour is a great variety of landscape, culture and population.
Mexico has an area of 1,972,547 km ². The country made more than three centuries part of the Spanish colonial empire and has been a republic since 1824. In the north it borders Mexico to the United States, in the southeast by Guatemala and Belize. On the east coast of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and to the west and south coast of the Pacific. From our starting point in Mexico City we travel in a southeasterly direction through rolling hills to the Pacific coast. Then we include the state of Chiapas and the last part of the journey on the Yucatan peninsula. The northern part of Chiapas, where Palenque is located consists of plains and low hills and is sparsely populated. For the remainder consists of Chiapas mountains and volcanoes to the border with Guatemala. You will see many tropical rainforest, but also Milpas (small corn fields) and banana plantations. The east coast of Yucatan located on the Caribbean Sea has picturesque beaches. The flat Yucatan has a tropical savanna landscape to the northern tip, where there is a dry region.
The current Indians are direct descendants of the builders of the ancient religious centers you can see in Teotihuacan, Monte Alban, Palenque and Chichen Itza. These archaeological sites are the most important in the whole area - maintaining the legacy of a rich past. They are the silent witnesses of more than 2700 years of civilization. Many famous temples and pyramids that can be visited here. In the many museums are art and artefacts.
The first complex that you can visit is near Mexico City, Teotihuacan. There are the famous and impressive Temple of the Sun and the Temple of the Moon. Near Oaxaca are beautiful, situated on a hill, excavations at Monte Alban. Another important complex in Mexico is Palenque. Surrounded by a emeralden jungle, Palenque is beautifully situated and the Mayan architecture and decorations are spectacular. It is one of the finest, largest and best preserved Mayan cities. What you see is only a fraction of the original city. The majority is still hidden under the green. The ruins are open from 8.00 to 17.00. Make sure you have sturdy shoes (and possibly a flashlight) with you. The last resort that you can visit is Chichen Itza. You see amazing ruins extending over 30 hectares. The old town is completely dominated by the pyramid Kukulkan (the Spaniards called the impressive edifice El Castillo). It consists of nine terraces containing a temple. There are stages, each with 91 steps up to the top to each of the four sides. El Castillo was dedicated to the sun and was used for major ceremonies. There is a wide road of the pyramid to the holy Sacrifice, where people were sacrificed. Worth a visit are the Temple of the Jaguars and Eagles and the Temple of a Thousand Columns. Chichen Itza is open from 8.00 to 17.00.