The Republic of South Africa is the southern-most country on the African mainland between the 22nd and the 35th southern latitude. The Indian Ocean is on the East coast. The Atlantic Ocean is on the West coast. They meet at the Cape of Good Hope. Bordering countries are Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe in the North and Mozambique to the North East. The independent states of Swaziland and Lesotho are in the middle of the country. South Africa has a total surface area that is around 10 times the size of England. The coastline is almost 3,000 km. South Africa has many private and public game and nature reserves, parks and protected wild life areas. Since 1994 South Africa is a parliamentary democracy headed by a president. Law making powers are in the hands of the National Assembly with 400 seats. The ANC is the largest party. The South African economy is the healthiest of all on the African continent. However, it is an economy that was unbalanced by apartheid. Until recently the country’s natural resources were planned for only four million people. Nowadays, these must be stretched to fit the needs of forty million people.
Flora and fauna
The flora and fauna of this part of Africa are simply overwhelming. Due to its higher position and greater rainfall, Swaziland is a green area with an enormous amount of antelopes, zebras, warthogs and gnus. Mainly located in the Mlilwane Game Reserve, they have no natural enemies. The Kruger National Park has a staggering variety of biotypes from little Sugar Birds to Leopards and Cheetahs.