90% of Syria’s population are Arab. The number of Bedouin has reduced dramatically in recent years. The government is trying to persuade these nomadic Arabs to put down permanent roots, particularly so that the government can establish a clear head count and check that their children are regularly attending school. This process is being carried out as we speak, and many Bedouin now live semi-nomadic lives and have a permanent home. However, some of the Bedouin still wander the desert with their cattle. They set up camp as soon as they find grasslands and stay until circumstances force them to move again. The largest Syrian ethnic minority is the Kurds (5%) and 3% are Armenian.