Argentina (República Argentina) is located in South America and covers an area as large as India or western Europe from northern Norway to Morocco. The area of the country is 2,736,690 km ² and in size is the second largest country (after Brazil) in South America.
Argentina is more than 4000 km long and 1400 km wide, bordering Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and Uruguay. Due to its' enormous size, the country has different climates and landscapes. Roughly, these regions can be classified as follows: the area around Buenos Aires, the Pampa Humeda, is a vast fertile plain where the majority of the Argentine population lives. In the north you will find the Gran Chaco, a woodland, partly desert plain. Along the rivers, swamps occur. South of the Rio Negro, Patagonia consists of an Argentine and Chilean part, separated by the Andes Mountain Range. In the Andes lies the northern and southern ice, an ice mass of about 22,000 km ² which feeds many glaciers in this area. Very picturesque lakes are found in the Patagonian Andes. The most famous lakes being Nahuel Huapi and Lake Argentino.
The north of Salta has various geographical aspects with plateaus (called 'puna') characterized by salt lakes and volcanoes. Finally, the Andes in the west have peaks rising to over 6000 meters. Here you will find the highest point of Argentina near Mendoza, Aconcagua mountain with a summit of 6959 meters. The main rivers are the Paraná and Uruguay, both resulting in a wide estuary, the Rio de la Plata. Argentina consists of the federal capital of Buenos Aires and 23 provinces.